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Serengeti Migration

 

One of the spectacular and unique event of the year in the wilderness of Northern Tanzania is the Serengeti wildebeest migration, which takes place between the months of November and July following year. This has been described by many as one of the greatest natural invent in the wildlife world

May - June wildebeest and zebra start to migrate from the south of Serengeti (when the rains stopped ) towards Central and West of Serengeti plain. (Musabi Plains, Grumeti and lake Victoria). searching for fresh pasture and water holes, but they have to cross Grumeti River.

From July on, they migrate towards Northeast Serengeti (Bologonja and Ikorongo and Ikoma Game Reserve) to Maasai Mara in Kenya. Only those animals (excluding predators) which can stand without surface water for long periods and adapted to the poor forage remain there. The biggest and the most demanding task for the animals is when they have to cross Mara Rivers in the north (See the map). Many animals are drown or got caught and eaten by the crocodiles. On the other side of the river lions are waiting to have their day too. In

November, when the pasture has been exhausted in the North and Maasai Mara, this army of animals surges back to the now green pastures of the Loliondo, Serengeti south and Ngorongoro. If it happens to be in Lobo or Loliondo area in October and November you are likely to see the migratory herds at some stage of their continual cycle. At this time many hundreds of thousands of animals, mostly wildebeest and zebra, having made their way south Serengeti, giving birth in a very short space of time, and Ndutu woodland and the surrounding plains are the focus for predators

However, the Wildebeest Migration does not mean that the plain is completely empty. There are many animals which do not follow the migration pattern; they live and stay at the plains year round, especially wild cats as lions, leopards and cheetah.

The Migration witnesses more than one million wildebeest, 200,000 zebras and 300,000 Thomson’s gazelles cross seven hundred miles of the Serengeti National Park trek to new grazing lands.

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